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What are Nepenthes?
  • Nepenthes are a genus of carnivorous plants in the monotypic family Nepenthaceae that comprises roughly 120 species.
  • Popularly known as Tropical Pitcher Plants or Monkey Cups.
  • They are vine forming plants of the Old World tropics, ranging from South China, Indonesia, Malaysia and the Philippines;
  • The greatest diversity occurs on Borneo and Sumatra with many endemic species.

The pitcher of the attractive Nepenthes ampullaria.
Lowland species
Nepenthes alata (Philippines)
This species grows in mossy mountains of Luzon at altitudes between 800m - 2400 m in Philippines. They are widely propagated and very easy to grow in lowland and highland conditions.
Nepenthes albomarginata "Ipoh Red" (Malaysia)
The red form occurs mostly in the northern states of Peninsular Malaysia. They come in many different tones of red. Their leaves and pitchers may turn darker red under bright sunlight.
Nepenthes albomarginata "Green" (Brunei)
This lowland species occurs in parts of Peninsular Malaysia to Brunei and Borneo. They are easily identified by the band of white hair that surrounds the peristome and hence the name, meaning white edged.
Nepenthes albomarginata "Kuching Spotted" (Malaysia)
The dark form of this species occurs in Kuching of Sarawak. Their leaves are darker green with near black pitchers often covered with black speckles.
Nepenthes albomarginata (Malaysia)
This picture shows the upper pitchers of albomarginata with the distinctive white band around its peristome. Mature albomarginata will vine up trees or hang down from rocks to attain bright light.
ampullaria
Nepenthes ampullaria "Typical" (Singapore, Malaysia, Indonesia)
This is a common species that are found in humid places of tropical forest or waste land. They are commonly found in bright places but young seedlings prefer to be shaded.
ampullaria green
Nepenthes ampullaria "Green" (Singapore, Malaysia, Indonesia)
This is a common species that can be found growing together with the speckled N. ampullaria.
Nepenthes ampullaria "Brunei Red" (Brunei)
The all red form occur mainly in Borneo. It is very attractive because of it's all red pitcher and the peristome.
Nepenthes ampullaria "Bicolor" (Brunei)
Shown in the photo is an interesting clone of the red ampularia. It has a contrasting all green peristome.
Nepenthes ampullaria 'Harlequin' (Brunei)
Shown in the photo is an expensive clone of the red ampularia. It has red speckled pitchers.
 Nepenthes ampullaria "Tricolor, Green Peristome" (Malaysia)
A rare color variant of N. ampullaria.
Nepenthes ampullaria 'Gothica' (Malaysia, Indonesia)
Presented in the photo is an extraodinary color variation of ampullaria with near black peristome.
Nepenthes ampullaria "Camo, Green Peristome" (Malaysia)
This is an extraordinary plant with green pitchers beautifully speckled with red and dark purple blotches producing a three color tone pitchers.
Nepenthes ampullaria "Camo, Red Peristome" (Malaysia, Indonesia)
This is a plant with green pitchers beautifully speckled with red and dark purple blotches producing a three color tone pitchers and with red peristome.
Nepenthes ampullaria "Hot Lips"
An interesting color variant of N. ampullaria with green pitchers and a red peristome.
Nepenthes ampullaria "Red Giant" (Malaysia)
Presented in the photos is a giant red form of ampullaria with pale yellow peristome sparsely stripped and it can be as big as a human's fist.
Nepenthes ampullaria "Bicolor, Striped Peristome" (Malaysia)
Shown in the photo is an interesting clone of the red ampularia. It has a contrasting all green peristome.
Nepenthes ampullaria 'Harlequin' Dark Peristome (Malaysia)
Shown in the photo is an interesting clone of the red harlequin ampularia. It has a deep red to near black peristome.
Nepenthes bellii (Philippines)
This is a miniature species that will produce rather long tendrills when mature. It is very easy to grow in lowland conditions.
Nepenthes bicalcarata "Red Flush" (Malaysia, Indonesia)
This species has 2 distinct sharp projectile under its lid, which are enlarged negtar glands used to that lure insects. The tendrills are usually colonised by ants.
 Nepenthes bicalcarata "Red" (Malaysia, Indonesia)
It is more commonly found in Sarawak and Kalimatan. Their leaves can grow to 1 meter long and each pitcher can be 6 - 7 inches tall.
Nepenthes campanulata (Malaysia, Indonesia)
This is a small species that only occurs in rosette form. It occurs in vertical sides of limestone cliffs. Their pitchers are shaped like an upturned bell.
Nepenthes clipeata (Indonesia)
This species occurs in exposed area of granite dome and sheer rocks. It is endemic to Borneo and only occu in Mt. Kelam of West Kalimantan at elevetions of 800 meters.
 Nepenthes distillatoria (Sri Lanka)
Nepenthes gracilis (Singapore, Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand
This is probabily the most common nepenthes species in Asia. It grows in moist, open habitats. The pitcher can appear in all green, all red or a mixture of green and red.
Nepenthes hirsuta (Malaysia)
This species has green leaves and green pitchers occationally speckled with brown. Leaves are covered with black hair and easy to grow in lowland conditions.
Nepenthes hispida (Malaysia)
This species has dark purple-brown leaves covered with black hairs all over. It produces pitchers similar to N.hirsuta and commonly mistaken as hirsuta.
Nepenthes longifolium (Malaysia, Indonesia)
Nepenthes macrovulgaris (Malaysia)
This species occurs in Sabah state of Malaysia in Borneo.
Nepenthes mirabilis (Malaysia, Thailand)
 Nepenthes mirabilis var. echinostoma (Malaysia)
This is a unique form of N. mirrabilis because of it's thick spread open peristome. It grows rather quickly and can be rather tall.
Nepenthes northiana (Malaysia)
This species occurs in limestone mountains of Kuching in Sarawak State of Malaysia. It grows under lowland conditions and prefer direct exposure to sun for healthy growth. Can grow well in highland condtions.
Nepenthes rafflesiana (Brunei)
Rafflesiana appears in many forms and the one showing in the picture is a common clone appearing in Malaysia.
Nepenthes rafflesiana "Brunei Giant"
The all red form of rafflesiana occurs in Sarawak and Peninsular Malaysia. The top part of the leaves is dark green in color while the underside of the leaves is all red.
Nepenthes rafflesiana "Kuching Giant" (Malaysia)
Nepenthes rafflesiana "Dark Knight"(Malaysia)
This amazing plant is the ultimate combination of the best characteristics a rafflesiana can have. It is a giant alata form with deep dark speckles surrounding the near black pitchers. Deep coloration appears only under bright sunlight.
Nepenthes rafflesiana "Inverted"(Malaysia)
Shown in the photo is a unique rafflesiana clone with only coloration on the peristome.
Nepenthes rafflesiana "Green elongata" (Malaysia)
Nepenthes reinwardtiana "Green" (Malaysia, Indonesia)
This species occurs in the lowland forest of Sarawak and Kalimantan. It can be found along roads, up in the trees and on steep cliffs from sea level to over 1600 meters. It has 2 green spots located inside the pitchers.
 Nepenthes reinwardtiana "Red" (Malaysia, Indonesia)
Nepenthes sumatrana (Indonesia)
Nepenthes truncata (Philippines)
Nepenthes truncata "Pasian" (Philippines)
Nepenthes globosa (Thailand)
Intermediate species
Nepenthes boschiana (Indonesia)
This is a large and beautiful species that is endemic to Borneo. It can be found on limestone to ultramafic mountains and in open ares between 700 to 1800 meters. It can be grown in lowland conditions.
Nepenthes cooperlandii "Apo Highlands" (Papua New Guinea)
Nepenthes cooperlandii (Papua New Guinea)
Nepenthes fusca (Malaysia)
Nepenthes fusca "Flare" (Malaysia)
Nepenthes maxima "Borone" (Indonesia)
Nepenthes sibuyanensis (Philippines)
Nepenthes veitchii "Hose Mountain" (Malaysia)
Nepenthes veitchii "Bario Highland" (Malaysia)
Nepenthes ventricosa (Philippines)
Nepenthes ventricosa "Madja-as" (Philippines)
Nepenthes sp. (Philippines)
Nepenthes sp. (Philippines)
Nepenthes sp. (Philippines)
Highland species
Nepenthes ephippiata (Malaysia, Indonesia)
The picture shows the young pitchers of ephippiata from
BE.
Nepenthes hamata (Indonesia)
The picture shows the young pitchers of ephippiata from MT.
Nepenthes lowii (Malaysia)
Nepenthes macfarlanei (Malaysia)
Nepenthes petiolata (Philippines)
The picture shows 2 different froms of petiolata from BE.
Nepenthes rajah (Malaysia)
The picture shows 2 different froms of petiolata from BE.
Nepenthes ramispina (Malaysia)
This is the darkest of all nepenthes species. It can be seen in Gunung Ulu Kali in the Genting Highlands, in Malaysia. Many natural hybrids were made since it grows together with N. macfarlanei and N. sanguinea.
Nepenthes sanguinea (Malaysia)
This highland species, above 1000 m, has a wide distribution. It can be seen in most mountains of Peninsular Malaysia.
Nepenthes spatulata (Indonesia)
Nepenthes spectabilis (Indonesia)
This species is endemic to the highlands of Sumatra, occuring at elevations between 1400m to 2200m.
Nepenthes talangensis (Indonesia)
This highland species occurs at Mount Talang, native to Sumatra.
 Nepenthes vieillardii (Non-Asian, Tahiti)
This species is endemic to the island from New Caledonia to Tahiti, somewhere in the middle of the Pacific Ocean. This species require very cool to cold growing conditions.
Nepenthes vogelii (Malaysia)
Hybrids

Nepenthes xHookeriana (Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand)
This hybrid occurs naturally in Karagas forest, usually in shaded or exposed areas where it is humid. It is a cross between
N. ampullaria and N. rafflesiana.

Nepenthes xHookeriana "Red" (Malaysia)
This is a rare all red form, probabily a cross between all red form of N. ampullaria and N. rafflesiana.

Nepenthes xHookeriana "Bicolor" (Malaysia)
A rare cross between N. ampullaria and a red form of N. rafflesiana.
Nepenthes xKuchingensis (Malaysia)
This is a natural hybrid between N. ampullaria and N. mirabilis. Pitchers may appear in all green and red with speckles. Leaves are thinner and softer than N. ampullaria. An easy plant to grow.
Nepenthes xKuchingensis (Malaysia)
The natural hybrid is probabily a cross between a red N. ampullaria and N. mirabilis.
Nepenthes xLebih (Malaysia)
This is a cross between Nepenthes veitchii and hurrelliana.
Nepenthes xMenarik (Malaysia)
This is a cross between Nepenthes veitchii and rafflesiana.

 

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