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What is Bulbophyllum?
  • Bulbophyllum is the largest genus in the orchid family Orchidaceae. With 2000 species.
  • The name derived from the Latin word bulbus (bulb-like) and the Greek word phyllon (leaf), referring to the pseudobulbs on top of which the leaf is growing.
  • The center of diversity is in the montane forests of Papua New Guinea and can be found in Australia, Southeast Asia, Africa Madagascar and in tropical central and South America.
  • Many species have the typical odor of rotting carcasses which attacts flies to asist in reproduction through pollination.

    Find out more at our Orchids Culture Guide.


The flower of Bulbophyllum blumei.
Bulbophyllum Species: A - E | F - K | L - P | Q - Z
Bulbophyllum Species A to E

Bulbophyllum abbreviatum
A small size species that occurs in lowland tropical rainforest of Peninsular Malaysia. The plant is about 3 - 4" tall with pseudobulbs measuing 1.5 - 2 cm tall and leaves 9 - 10 cm long. It is capable of producing a ring of 8 - 10 flowers each about 2cm tall, variable in colors ranging from red, orange and brown.

Bulbophyllum acuminatum
A lowland species found in Thailand, Burma and Penninsular Malaysia and Borneo. Flowers may appears in red, orange and yellow with brownish gradient tone. Best mounted on fern bark slabs or wooden sticks and keep it in humid and warm places. Keep in airy places.
Bulbophyllum aff. acuminatum
This species is found in humid, exposed forest of Sarawak, Borneo, the plant looks similar to Bulbophyllum accuminiatum but differs slightly from the Malaysian form. Their flowers are shorter and have a maroon-purple pigments scattered on a cream colored sepals.
Bulbophyllum aestivale
Bulbophyllum affine (Indo-China region, Myanamar, Thailand, Taiwan)
This species occurs in evergreen forest from elevations of 600 to 1800 meters.
Bulbophyllum ambrosia (South China, Vietnam)
This species grows in evergreen and semi-deciduous forest at elevations of 300 to 1100 meters, often growing as a lithophyte on limestome cliffs or on trees.
Bulbophyllum anceps
This species can be found in many parts of Borneo. It has glossy, hard & succulent pseudobulbs. Usually an inflorescence carries about 2-3 small flowers.It is a slow grower & usually mounted on branches or fern trunks. Fern slabs are fine. Keep them airy incase of rots.
Bulbophyllum annandalei "Malaysia form" (Malaysia, Thailand)
This species can be considered one of the most beautiful species within the genus. It can produce up to 7 flowers each measure about 1 to 2 inches long. Malaysian form generally have red stripes.
Bulbophyllum annandalei "Thai form" (Malaysia, Thailand)
The ones from Thailand are generally has less of red and more of yellow. The lip is yellow and has very little red pigment on its lateral sepals.
Bulbophyllum antenniferum (Indonesia, Borneo,Philippines)
This is a lowland species that grows around 500m a.s.l. The flowers are very unique because of the upright dorsal sepal and the 2 joined lateral sepals. They grow well in warm conditions with well draining medium or slab.
Bulbophyllum arfakianum (Papua New Guinea)
This species occurs in the Mt. Arfak, in Papua New Guinea. It is rare in cultivation and has interesting flowers. Flowers only measure 2" long.
Bulbophyllum auratum "Pink form"
This species can be found in Borneo, West Malaysia and Sumatrana. It glossy flowers may appear in pink, white and yellow, usually covered with a transparent layer of slime. They grow in clusters of 10-40 pseudobulbs in humind and warm forest. Keep them airy incase of rots.
Bulbophyllum auratum "White form"
The white form is from West Malaysia. It is popular among people due to its clean & attractive white flowers. For impressive presentation, grow them into specimen size and wait for them to mass flowering. They can be grown on fern trunk or slabs or on an overturned clay pot.
Bulbophyllum auratum "Yellow form"
The yellow form is from Borneo. Yellow that intense is rarely seen in cultivation. little is known about it.

Bulbophyllum aff. baucoense (Indoneisa)
This originated from indonesia and the actual orgin is unknown. It has deep purple leaves and pseudobulbs that makes it unique. Flowers look very similar to bulbophyllum longiflorum but shorter and are often in pink with yellow sepals.

Bulbophyllum bicolor (Thailand)
Bulbophyllum biflorum (Malaysia, Thailand, Borneo)
This is a widely distributed species that produces very variable flowers depending on location. he flwoers are about 10cm long by 1.5cm wide. They occur in warm humid forest.
Bulbophyllum biflorum (Malaysia, Thailand, Borneo)
The albino clone of this species was discovered in Borneo. The flowers are complely light yellow.
Bulbophyllum binnendijkii (Indonesia)
Bulbophyllum bisectum
Bulbophyllum blepharistes Reichb.f.
Distributed in Thailand, Burma, Vietnam and laos. The dorsal sepal are recurved, sepals light greenish yellow with thin purple lines. Pseudobulbs are 3 - 4cm tall, globular-ovoid and 4 angled. Leaves are in pairs, 4-8 cm long by 1.5 - 2cm wide.
Bulbophyllum blumei
Blumei can be found in both Thailand and Malaysia. It grows well when given sufficient light and heat. Keep them in a humid and warm place. Watch out during the rainy season as they are likely to rots.
Bulbophyllum brienianum
This lowland, free-flowering species is found in Malaysia, Borneo and Sumatra. It is commonly mistaken as Bulb.makoyanum. Grow them on fern slaps or in pots of perlite or sphagnum if environment is dry. They prefer humid places. Keep them airy incase of rots.
Bulbophyllum burfordiense
This species according to an expert, it may well be Bulb.grandiflorum. The picture shows the albino form of Bulb.grandiflorum. There was little knownledge about its orgin and rarely seen.
Bulbophyllum capillipes
Bulbophyllum careyanum
This is a species from Thailand, it is rather free-flowering and easy to grow.
Bulbophyllum carunculatum (Borneo, Philippines)
One of the larger species with an average plant height of 46cm. It is a lowland species that grows in humid and warm forest. The flowers are bright yellow and can be potted or mounted on fern slab.
Bulbophyllum carunculatum var.areum
Bulbophyllum catenulatum
Bulbophyllum cauliflorum
Bulbophyllum cercanthum (Malaysia)
A flowering size plant of 3 - 5 bulbs with 3 - 4" leaves.
25 USD
Bulbophyllum cheiropetalum
Bulbophyllum chloranthum (Indonesia)
A flowering size plant of 3 - 5 bulbs with 1 - 2" leaves.
15 USD
Bulbophyllum claptonense
This is probably is the most varied species, with all sorts of colors and shapes. Some lobbii produces fragrance.
Bulbophyllum cleistogamum (Malaysia and Indonesia)
Bulbophyllum coniferum
It was seen in cultivation, and seemed to grow well under high altitude conditions. It was said to be from Pahang, Malaysia.
¦Bulbophyllum contortisepalum
Bulbophyllum cornutum (Malaysia)
Bulbophyllum corolliferum
A common lowland Malaysian species. It has an amazing reddish-purple flower, usually arranged in a full circle. Grow them on inexpensive wooden twigs or fern bark slaps. They like humid places.
Bulbophyllum coweniorum
This is a free flowering Thailand species. Growth form looks like Bulb.lobbii. Grow them on fern slabs or trunks. Can also be grown them a mix of sphagnum and charcoal. In case of rots, remove rotten materials immediately.
Bulbophyllum cruentum
Bulbophyllum dearei (Philippines, Borneo, Malaysia)
This is a lowland species that grows from 700m to 1200m as a epiphyte and lithophyte. Their flowers are variable depending on location and this particular clone is the Philippines. Can be mounted on slabs or in potted.
Bulbophyllum decurviscapum (Borneo)
This species can be grown in lowland conditions. They are a dry species that survive on aerial humidity and can rot easily when over watered.
Bulbophyllum dentiferum
Bulbophyllum echinolabium
This is an uncommon species from Indonesia. It has the largest flower, around 15cm tall. Grow them in pots of charcoal-sphagnum or perlite. Can also be grown on fern slabs. Keep it in warm and humid places.Keep them airy ito prevent rots.
Bulbophyllum ecornutum
Bulbophyllum Species: A - E | F - K | L - P | Q - Z

 

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